# Securing Traefik Ingress

This guide's sources can be found on github.

At the end, you will have an install of a hello-world app proxied by Traefik with authorization policy enforced by Pomerium.

This guide specifically demonstrates using Traefik and Pomerium in the context of a Kubernetes Ingress controller, but the patterns can be utilized anywhere Traefik is deployed.

# Background

Traefik can be configured to authorize requests by calling a remote authorization service. Pomerium is compatible with this protocol and can thus be used to protect services behind Traefik. In this configuration, Pomerium does not directly proxy traffic, but only performs authorization decisions on behalf of Traefik. This is useful for integrating into existing load balancer infrastructure.

For more information on using Pomerium as an external authorization endpoint, see forward auth in the Pomerium docs.

# How It Works

  • Install Traefik as an Ingress Controller on your Kubernetes cluster
  • Install a standard Pomerium configuration with forwardauth enabled
  • Create middleware to use Pomerium for authorization
  • Install an application with an Ingress resource configured to use the Pomerium authorization middleware
  • Pomerium authenticates users via Identity Provider
  • Traefik queries Pomerium on each request to verify the traffic is authorized
  • Pomerium verifies the traffic against policy, responding to Traefik
  • Traefik proxies the traffic or responds with an error

# Pre-requisites

  • Access to a Kubernetes cluster
  • Helm (already initialized if using helm v2)
  • A copy of the example repo checked out
  • Valid credentials for your OIDC provider
  • (Optional) mkcert to generate locally trusted certificates

This guide is optimized to run on a local kubernetes install in Docker Desktop, however the configuration should be easily portable to minikube or traditional clusters.

If running in minikube or other non-local clusters, you will need to use kubectl port-forward to forward traffic from 127.0.0.1:[80,443] to the Traefik service in Kubernetes, or replace *.localhost.pomerium.io references with your own domain.

For the purposes of the guide, all resources are installed inside the namespace pomerium.

# Certificates (optional)

This demo comes with its own certificates, but they will generate warnings in your browser. You may instead provide your own or use mkcert to generate locally trusted certificates.

After installing mkcert, run the following inside the example repo:

mkcert -install
   mkcert '*.localhost.pomerium.io'

This will install a trusted CA and generate a new wildcard certificate:

  • _wildcard.localhost.pomerium.io.pem
  • _wildcard.localhost.pomerium.io-key.pem

To provide your own certificates through another mechanism, please overwrite these files or update the Ingress configurations accordingly.

# Configure

# Pomerium

Update values/pomerium.yaml with your Identity Provider settings, domain names and policy

authenticate:
  idp:
    provider: REPLACEME
    url: REPLACEME
    clientID: REPLACEME
    clientSecret: REPLACEME

config:
  rootDomain: localhost.pomerium.io
  sharedSecret: R0+XRoGVpcoi4PfB8tMlvnrS5XUasO+D1frAEdYcYjs=
  cookieSecret: FLPCOQKigK5EQnyXlBhchl5fgzNKqi3ubtvOGt477Dg=
  generateTLS: true
  policy:
    - from: https://hello.localhost.pomerium.io
      to: http://hello-nginx
      allowed_domains:
        - gmail.com
ingress:
  annotations:
    traefik.ingress.kubernetes.io/router.tls: "true"
  secretName: wildcard-tls
forwardAuth:
  enabled: true
  internal: true

# Traefik

Helm chart values:

additionalArguments:
  - "--serverstransport.insecureskipverify=true"
  - "--entryPoints.websecure.forwardedHeaders.insecure"

TIP

Please note forwardedHeaders.insecure must be set on the entrypoint in front of Pomerium proxy if you are routing forward auth requests through Traefik. See docs for more information.

Middleware:

apiVersion: traefik.containo.us/v1alpha1
kind: Middleware
metadata:
  name: auth
spec:
  forwardAuth:
    address: https://pomerium-proxy.pomerium
    tls:
      insecureSkipVerify: true
    trustForwardHeader: true

WARNING

Please note trustForwardHeader: true must be set for the middleware to work correctly. See docs for more information.

# Hello

Helm chart values:

ingress:
  enabled: true
  hosts:
    - name: hello.localhost.pomerium.io
      path: /

  annotations:
    traefik.ingress.kubernetes.io/router.middlewares: pomerium-auth@kubernetescrd
    traefik.ingress.kubernetes.io/router.tls: "true"
  tls:
    - hosts:
        - hello.localhost.pomerium.io
      secretName: wildcard-tls
service:
  type: ClusterIP

# Install

# Add helm repos

#!/bin/bash -x

helm repo add bitnami https://charts.bitnami.com/bitnami
helm repo add pomerium https://helm.pomerium.io
helm repo add traefik https://containous.github.io/traefik-helm-chart

# Install charts and CRDs

#!/bin/bash -x

kubectl create namespace pomerium

# Create shared TLS secret
kubectl create secret tls wildcard-tls \
    --namespace pomerium \
    --cert=_wildcard.localhost.pomerium.io.pem \
    --key=_wildcard.localhost.pomerium.io-key.pem

# Install Traefik helm chart
helm upgrade --install --wait \
    --namespace pomerium \
    traefik traefik/traefik \
    --values values/traefik.yaml

# Install Pomerium helm chart
helm upgrade --install --wait \
    --namespace pomerium \
    pomerium pomerium/pomerium \
    --values values/pomerium.yaml

# Create middleware
kubectl --namespace pomerium apply -f crds/middleware.yaml

# Install hello app
helm upgrade --install --wait \
    --namespace pomerium \
    --version 6.2.1 \
    hello bitnami/nginx \
    --values values/hello.yaml

After 1-2 minutes, browse to hello.localhost.pomerium.io.

You should be prompted to log in through your IdP and then granted access to the deployed hello instance.

# That's it!

Your hello application is protected by Pomerium.

Here's a run through of the steps in this demo: